All the Tax Credits and Deductions You Can Get for Your Home in 2023 (2023)

Owning a home is not cheap. Although the housing market has cooled lately, home prices rose by 17% in 2021 and 10% in 2022, outpacing income gains, according to CNN, and rising mortgage rates now make the effective cost of home purchases even greater.

All those expenses come with a bright side, however -- tax credits and deductions for your home that can lead to a big tax refund. For homeowners, learning as much as you can about your potential tax benefits can help you maximize your tax refund when you file your income tax return.

Most homeowners with mortgages know they can deduct payments toward their loan interest, but many tax deductions and tax credits involved in owning a house are less obvious. Learn about all the possible tax breaks for homeowners to get the biggest refund possible on your 2022 taxes.

For more on taxes, learn about the new income brackets and standard deduction for 2023.

Note: The 2022 tax forms haven't been completed, so our links currently point to draftPDF versions of 2022 forms from the official IRS site. You can't file your income taxes with these forms -- official tax forms for 2022 will be available in lateJanuary 2023.

How do homeowner tax breaks work?

Most income tax breaks for homeowners are tax deductions, which are reductions in your taxable income. The less of your income that is taxed, the less money you pay in taxes.

When you file your tax return, you must decide whether to take the standard deduction -- $12,950 for single tax filers, $25,900 for joint filers or $19,400 for heads of household or married filing separately -- or itemize deductions, such as gifts to charity and state taxes.

To take advantage of homeowner tax deductions, you'll need to itemize your deductions using Form 1040 Schedule A. Your decision to itemize will depend on whether your itemized deductions are greater than your standard deduction. All of the best tax software can quickly help you decide whether to itemize or not (as well as help you fill out all of the tax forms mentioned in this article).

Tax credits for homeowners don't require you to itemize. They directly reduce the amount of taxes you owe, and you can usually get those credits whether or not you itemize deductions.

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Mortgage interest is the biggest tax break for homeowners

Mortgage interest -- or the amount of interest you pay on your home loan yearly -- is one of the most common tax deductions for homeowners. It's also often the most lucrative, particularly for new homeowners whose payments generally go more toward loan interest during the first years of a mortgage.

Homeowners filing taxes jointly can deduct all payments for mortgage interest on loans up to $1 million, or loans up to $750,000 if made after Dec. 15, 2017. Single filers get half those amounts -- $500,000 or $375,000, respectively.

To deduct your mortgage interest, you'll need to fill out IRS Form 1098, which you should receive from your lender in early 2023. You can then enter the amount from Line 1 on that Form 1098 into Line 8 of 1040 Schedule A.

You can deduct mortgage points from your taxes, too

You can buymortgage points, also called "discount points," when buying a house to decrease the interest on the mortgage. Each 1% of the mortgage amount that home buyers pay on top of their down payment generally reduces their interest rate by 0.25%, though the exact amount will depend on the lender and the loan.

Discount points can save you big money on a 30-year mortgage by lowering the total interest you'll have to pay across decades, but they can also save you money on your taxes when you buy them. The IRS considers mortgage points to be prepaid interest, so you can add the amount paid for points to your total mortgage interest that's entered on Line 8 of 1040 Schedule A.

A mortgage-interest tax credit for new homeowners can be big money

Homeowners who have received a Mortgage Credit Certificate from a state or local government -- usually acquired via a mortgage lender -- can get a percentage of their mortgage interest payments back as a tax credit. Mortgage certificate credit rates vary based on states and go as low as 10% in Virginia to as high as 30% in Florida, per Bankrate.

For example, if you paid $12,000 in yearly mortgage interest in Florida with an MCC, you'd get a $3,600 tax credit. That money is nonrefundable, however -- it can only be used against taxes you owe. If you don't owe federal taxes, it won't give you money back.

This homeowner tax tip is most effective if you are a first-time homeowner, which is generously defined as not living in a home that you've owned for the past three years. If you're buying your first home, be sure to ask your lender or mortgage broker to see if you qualify for an MCC.

To file for your mortgage-interest tax credit, use IRS Form 8396. Remember, you don't need to itemize deductions to claim tax credits.

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You can deduct property taxes, but only to a certain amount

Local and state real estate taxes, more commonly called property taxes, can be deducted from your taxes, but at a far lower amount than before 2017.

Thanks to the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, you can only deduct up to $10,000 combined from your property taxes and state and local income taxes. Before 2017, your entire amount of property taxes was deductible.

To claim your property tax deduction, you'll need to track your annual property tax payments. Your real estate taxes might also be listed in Box 10 of Form 1098 from your mortgage lender. Enter your total amount of real estate taxes paid for the year in Line 5b of 1040 Schedule A.

Home office expenses are only deductible if you're self employed

Homeowners who use any part of their house, apartment or condo "exclusively and regularly" for their own business or side gig can claim home business expenses using IRS Form 8829. These deductions are available to renters too.

The easiest way to claim a home-office tax break is by using the standard home-office deduction, which is based on $5 per square foot used for business up to 300 square feet. The "regular method" for deducting a home office involves calculating the percentage of your home that is used for business. Both methods use Form 8829 for reporting.

Home-office deductions aren't available to remote employees of companies.

Installing an electric car charging station can get you 30% back

Electric vehicle charging stations can give you money back on your tax bill. If you install any alternative energy charging station in your home, you get a maximum credit of 30% of the cost or $1,000 (whichever is smaller). File IRS Form 8911 to claim your tax credit for the money spent on clean energy installation.

Go green to get energy-efficiency tax credits

All the Tax Credits and Deductions You Can Get for Your Home in 2023 (2)

If you made energy-efficient improvements to your home in 2022, you can likely get back some of that money as tax credits, but it gets a little complicated. There are two types of tax credits for home energy improvements -- the residential clean energy credit and the energy efficient home improvement credit.

The residential clean energy credit can give you 30% back on any money you spent installing solar electricity, solar water heating, wind energy, geothermal heat pumps, biomass fuel systems or fuel cell property. The only limit is for fuel cell property -- $500 for each half a kilowatt of capacity.

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The energy-efficient home improvement credit, also known as the nonbusiness energy property credit, is then split into two categories -- "residential energy property costs" and "qualified energy efficiency improvements."

In the first case of energy property costs, you'll get a flat tax credit of $50 to $300 for installing Energy Star-certified items like heat pumps, water heaters or furnaces. In the second case of qualified improvements, you can get a 10% tax credit for the cost of improvements like adding insulation, fixing a roof or replacing windows.

The energy efficient home improvement credit has a $500 lifetime limit for all improvements made after 2005. Starting in 2023, the Inflation Reduction Act will replace the $500 lifetime limit with a $1,200 annual limit for the tax credit.

To claim tax credits for energy-efficient home improvements in 2022, you'll need to document your costs on IRS Form 5695.

Interest from home equity loans can also be deducted

Any interest from a home equity loan or second mortgage can be deducted from your taxes just like regular mortgage interest, with the important limit of maximum loan totals of $1 million or $750,000 (for joint filers) if you purchased your home after Dec. 15, 2017.

It's also very important to note that the 2017 tax law limits deductions for home equity loan interest to money that is used to "buy, build or substantially improve" homes. If you borrowed money to pay for a new car or tuxedo, you're out of luck.

If you did pay interest on a home equity loan that was used directly on your residence, you can claim the deduction on the same line as mortgage interest and mortgage points: Line 8 on Form 1040 Schedule A.

When you're selling your home, include all your improvements in the cost basis

Any income you earn from selling a home is taxable as a capital gain (with a notable exclusion -- see below). Your gain is calculated by the difference between your sale price for the home and your "cost basis." That cost basis includes what you paid for the home, the price of improvements that you may have made as well as any property loss from depreciation or casualty.

If you've put in a new roof, replaced a furnace, refinished floors or even landscaped the garden, be sure to include those costs to increase your adjusted basis and reduce the amount of your capital gains on the sale.

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If you sold your primary residence, you get a great tax deduction

When you sell a home, you'll need to pay taxes on the amount of money you earned on the sale as capital gains. However, if you live in the home for two of the previous five years before selling, you get a very large tax exclusion -- $500,000 for married joint filers, or $250,000 for single or separate filers.

All Americans receive this tax exclusion regardless of their age and regardless of how many times they've benefited from it before. Note that the residence requirements apply whether you own the home or not. If you rent a house for two years and then buy it, you're free to sell with the standard residence exclusion at any time.

You'll likely receive the tax information about the sale of your home in a 1099-S form, and you'll report your ultimate gain -- with that $500,000/$250,000 exclusion -- on IRS Form 8949. If you don't receive a 1099-S form and your profit on the house is less than the exclusion, you don't need to report the sale on your taxes at all.

Home improvements for medical needs can be deducted

Medical expenses can be a major tax deduction, but only if they go over 7.5% of your adjusted gross income, which is essentially your taxable income. Any home improvements -- safety bars, accessibility ramps, wider doorways, railings and lifts, for example -- related to medical conditions can be included in your tax deductions for medical expenses.

Keep all your receipts and invoices and include the total cost of the improvements or additions with all of your additional medical and dental expenses on Line 1 of 1040 Schedule A.

Which home expenses are not tax deductible?

Despite all of the tax breaks available for homeowners, there are some home-related expenses that can't be deducted from your income.

  • Your down payment for a mortgage
  • Any mortgage payments toward the loan principal
  • Utility costs like gas, electricity and water
  • Fire or homeowner's insurance
  • House cleaning or lawn maintenance
  • Any depreciation of your home's value

Everyone's tax situation is unique. Before making major tax decisions, we recommend consulting a tax professional who can help you with both federal and state tax laws.

For more on income taxes, learn how student loan debt forgiveness could affect your tax bill.


What home improvements are tax-deductible 2023? ›

Are home improvements tax deductible? Here are 5 repairs you can deduct on your taxes
  • Home improvements vs. ...
  • Home improvements for a medical purpose.
  • Energy-efficient home improvements.
  • Repairs to your home office.
  • Repairs and improvements to your rental home.
  • Improvements paid for with a home equity loan or HELOC.
Jan 5, 2023

What will the standard deduction be for 2023? ›

The standard deduction is increasing by $900 to $13,850 for singles in 2023 and by $1,800 to $27,700 for couples.

How much tax credit do you get for buying a house? ›

The tax credit is equal to 10% of your home's purchase price and may not exceed $15,000 in 2021 inflation-adjusted dollars.

What is the window and door tax credit for 2023? ›

Is there an energy tax credit for new windows in 2023? Yes. Beginning in tax year 2023, homeowners can earn an energy tax credit of 30% of the cost of new windows, up to a maximum $600.

What are the 2023 Clean energy tax credits? ›

In 2023
  • All households can access rebates of up to $4,000, while low- income households could receive up to $8,000 for home efficiency.
  • Low- and moderate-income households can access rebates covering up to 100% of the costs of installing electric appliances like heat pump water heaters and clothes dryers.

What is the new tax bracket for 2023? ›

The 2023 tax year will have the same seven federal income tax brackets: 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37%. Your filing status and taxable income, including wages, will determine the bracket you're in.

Are tax rates changing in 2023? ›

When it comes to federal income tax rates and brackets, the tax rates themselves aren't changing from 2022 to 2023. The same seven tax rates in effect for the 2022 tax year – 10%, 12%, 22%, 24%, 32%, 35% and 37% – still apply for 2023.

What is the Social Security tax limit for 2023? ›

We call this annual limit the contribution and benefit base. This amount is also commonly referred to as the taxable maximum. For earnings in 2023, this base is $160,200. The OASDI tax rate for wages paid in 2023 is set by statute at 6.2 percent for employees and employers, each.

Is there a home renovation tax credit for 2022? ›

Home Renovation Tax Credit [Active]

Eligible expenses include the cost of labour and professional services, building materials, fixtures, equipment rentals, and permits. Additionally, the $2,100 is split between the two years, meaning a maximum of $1,155 for 2021 and $945 for 2022.

Can you claim tax relief working from home 2022 2023? ›

However for the 2022 – 2023 tax year the eligibility rules have changed. The new rules state you can't claim tax relief if you 'choose to work from home'.

Is there an extra deduction for over 65 in 2023? ›

Taxpayers who are at least 65 years old or blind can claim an additional standard deduction of $1,500 is allowed for 2023 ($1,850 if you're claiming the single or head of household filing status). As with the 2022 standard deduction, the additional deduction amount is doubled if you're both 65 or older and blind.

Is PMI tax deductible 2023? ›

The amount you pay in private mortgage insurance (PMI) can be claimed as an itemized tax deduction, though there are some restrictions if you make more than a certain amount per year.


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